220823 Every morning routine

After I turned 70, I got used to waking up at 4 or 5 in the morning. I wake up with an alarm that says I want to pee.

Pour hot water into coffee, take it out onto the wooden deck from the living room, sit in a camp chair by the pond next to my house, and wait for the moment of dawn, which became my happy time.

However, for the past few days, something strange has happened to the pond. The surface of the water is covered with large and small air bubbles.

In June, all the water in this pond was drained, and it became empty for the first time in more than ten years. The sludge that had accumulated at the bottom of the pond was sucked out by a professional contractor, and the walls were washed with a high-pressure washer.

New water was injected using fire extinguishing equipment to a depth of about 20 cm by the local residents' association. And then I expected it to be filled with rain.

I put 7 goldfish that have been living in this pond back to this pond. The new water has adapted to them and they are swimming around just fine. I got aquatic plants from my friend and gave them some shade.

There was no rain for the entire month of July and for 20 days in August. But in the meantime, a baby goldfish was born. Watching small goldfish swim also gives me great healing. You can also see frogs. They are new guests.

However, a big typhoon brought heavy rain. Thanks to that, the water in this pond became full in one night.

But two days later, something strange happened to the pond. The surface of the water is covered with large and small air bubbles. So far, it doesn't seem to be toxic, and the goldfish, baby goldfish, and frogs are still swimming well.

I don't know what causes this bubble. I hope these disappear as soon as possible

230821 the Hozu River Boat Ride from LONDON

There are many extremely hot days in row this summer, and TV weather forecasts call for refraining from going out during the day time.

On such a hot sunny day, a foreign couple was wandering around the intersection. I parked my car, walked up to them, and said, "If you're in trouble, I can help."

They seemed surprised that I suddenly spoke in English. But they were relieved, as if the Savior had appeared in front of them, and said to me,
"I'm looking for a taxi, but it doesn't seem to come."
"No, it's impossible to wait for a taxi here. Where do you want to go?"
"I'd like to go to the boarding point for the Hozu River Boat Ride."
"My car is small, but if you don't mind, I'll give you a  ride there."
"You are very kind. Thank you for your kind words."
"Follow me, but please wait while I move my stuff to make room for two."

From there it was only a 10 minute drive to the boat dock. He said he booked this boat attraction from London 10 months in advance. i said
"How lucky! There was a fall accident during this voyage that killed two people.
The shipping company suspended operations for several months to investigate the cause of the accident and prevent recurrence.
And a few weeks ago they have just reopened the operaton. ”

When we got to the boat dock, he tried to hand me a small folded bill. I refused, but he was forcible. I think he just wanted to show me how much he appreciates me.

 I got the bill and parted with them. I was surprised to see the tiny folded bills. It was the highest denomination ,Japanese banknote, the 10,000 yen note.

At 10,000 yen for 10 minutes, it was the best performance guarantee I've ever received.




prevent recurrence

英検トレーニング 2級 長文空所補充4-5

What makes them distinctive are their big nose. 
Deforestation is destroying the forest, and making them endangered. 
They may have found out why.
Compared to him.
I have trouble running long distance because of my athma. 
I have trouble graduatiing high school because I was absent most of the time.
I have trouble finishing homework because my computer is broken.
When choosing a mating partner.
They developed distinctive features through evolution.

特徴的なのは大きな鼻です。 森林伐採は森林を破壊し、森林を絶滅の危機に瀕させています。 絶滅の危機に瀕している。 絶滅; 彼らはその理由を知ったかもしれない。 生殖能力 彼と比べてね。 私は喘息のせいで長距離を走るのが苦手です。 ほとんどの時間を欠席したため、高校を卒業するのが困難です。 コンピューターが壊れているので、宿題を終えるのが難しいです。 結婚相手を選ぶとき。 彼らは進化を通じて独特の特徴を発達させました。 外観 取得する


They can't manage to live for another year after being abandoned.

見積もり 進化 本能的に 捨てられてから一年も生きていけないのです。



Topic 1 How WHO Could Deal with Future Pandemics


1. Officials at the World Health Organization (WHO) are negotiating new rules for dealing with pandemics.

The U.N. health agency's 194 member countries have set a target date of May 2024 for a legal agreement.

A new agreement is a top goal for WHO chief Tedros Adhanom Ghebreyesus. He called it a "generational commitment that we will not go back to the old cycle of panic" at the U.N. agency's yearly meeting.

The agreement seeks to improve the world's defenses against new viruses. The effort follows the worldwide spread of COVID-19, which is blamed for killing nearly 7 million people.

1. 世界保健機関 (WHO) の当局者は、パンデミックに対処するための新しいルールについて交渉しています。


WHO事務局長テドロス・アダノム・ゲブレイエススにとって、新たな合意は最重要目標だ。 同氏は国連機関の年次会合で、これを「古いパニックのサイクルには戻らないという世代間の約束」だと述べた。

この協定は、新しいウイルスに対する世界の防御力の向上を目指しています。 この取り組みは、700万人近くの命を奪ったとされる新型コロナウイルス感染症の世界的な蔓延を受けてのものだ。


2.What is the so-called pandemic treaty?

The WHO already has rules known as the International Health Regulations, passed in 2005. The rules explain countries’ responsibilities when diseases and other public health events threaten to cross borders. WHO members approved the rules after the SARS outbreak in 2002 to 2003.

These rules are still considered good enough for local epidemics, like Ebola, but not for a pandemic. The rules are also being reconsidered after COVID-19.

Member nations have agreed that the new agreement should have legal force like a treaty does.

It would be only the second such health agreement after the 2003 Framework Convention on Tobacco Control. That treaty aims to reduce smoking through taxation and rules on labeling and advertising.

However, critics have voiced their opposition to the proposed treaty on social media. Opponents say approval could lead countries to give too much power to the WHO. The WHO says governments are leading the negotiations and are free to reject the agreement.


WHO には、2005 年に可決された国際保健規則として知られる規則がすでにあります。この規則は、病気やその他の公衆衛生上の出来事が国境を越える恐れがある場合の各国の責任を説明しています。 2002年から2003年にかけてSARSが発生した後、WHO加盟国はこの規則を承認した。

これらのルールは、エボラ出血熱のような局地的流行にはまだ十分であると考えられていますが、パンデミックには不十分です。 新型コロナウイルス感染症以降、ルールも見直されている。


これは、2003年のタバコ規制枠組条約に次いで、このような健康協定としては2例目となる。 この条約は、課税やラベル表示と広告に関する規則を通じて喫煙を減らすことを目的としている。

しかし、批評家たちはソーシャルメディア上でこの条約案に対する反対の声を上げている。 反対派は、承認により各国がWHOに過剰な権限を与える可能性があると主張している。 WHOは、各国政府が交渉を主導しており、協定を拒否する自由があるとしている。


3.Who supports the agreement?

The European Union proposed the agreement. The EU is considered its biggest supporter. Developing countries, especially in Africa, hope to use the negotiations to secure vaccines.

After five rounds of negotiations, the latest version of the treaty still includes thousands of areas of disagreement or undecided wording. There is even disagreement over the definition of the word "pandemic." With so many member countries involved, getting agreement is likely to be difficult.


欧州連合がこの協定を提案した。 EUはその最大の支持者とみなされている。 アフリカを中心とした発展途上国は、この交渉を利用してワクチンを確保したいと考えている。

5回の交渉を経た後も、条約の最新版には依然として数千の意見の相違や未決定の文言が含まれている。 「パンデミック」という言葉の定義についても意見の相違がある。 非常に多くの加盟国が関与しているため、合意を得るのは困難になる可能性が高い。


4.How would it work?

It is not yet clear how the 2005 rules and the new pandemic agreement might work together.

Some think that existing rules should continue to apply to local outbreaks with the new rules applying if the WHO declares a pandemic. But the WHO does not have the power to declare a pandemic.

It is also not yet clear what happens if required measures are not followed.


2005 年の規則と新しいパンデミック協定がどのように連携するかはまだ明らかではありません。

WHOがパンデミックを宣言した場合には新しいルールが適用され、地域的な感染拡大には既存のルールが引き続き適用されるべきだと考える人もいる。 しかし、WHOにはパンデミックを宣言する権限はない。



5.What other changes are possible?

Separate talks on changing the 2005 rules are also taking place. Countries are proposing about 300 amendments to the rules.

The first proposals from the United States aimed to increase transparency and permit the WHO to go more quickly to places where disease outbreaks are taking place.

After a delay of about one year, China did permit WHO-led expert teams to visit the suspected COVID-19 starting point in Wuhan. But the WHO says China is still refusing to release information from early cases that may hold information about the beginnings of COVID-19.


2005 年の規則の変更に関する個別の協議も行われています。 各国は約300件の規則改正を提案している。


約1年の遅れを経て、中国はWHO主導の専門家チームが武漢にある新型コロナウイルスの感染源と疑われる場所を訪問することを許可した。 しかしWHOは、中国は依然として新型コロナウイルス感染症の始まりに関する情報を保持している可能性のある初期症例からの情報の公開を拒否していると述べた。


英検2級 10 形容詞 2022-11-16

Rodney adores history. Every week, he visits his local library and borrows one or two thick history books.
Their content can be quite complicated, but he nevertheless reads them rapidly. He is particularly interested in French history, and last year visited many magnificent castles in France. He also stayed in a 400-year-old inn, which was very comfortable despite its age. Before he went to France, some people warned him that sometimes the French are rude to tourists; but throughout his holiday, everyone was very polite. He had an excellent time and next year hopes to return to France to explore more ancient buildings.

ロドニーは歴史が大好きです。 毎週、彼は地元の図書館を訪れ、分厚い歴史書を 1 冊か 2 冊借りています。 それらの内容は非常に複雑になる可能性がありますが、それでも彼はそれらをすばやく読みます。 彼は特にフランスの歴史に興味があり、昨年はフランスの多くの素晴らしい城を訪れました。 築400年の宿屋もあり、古さにも関わらずとても快適でした。 彼がフランスに行く前に、フランス人は旅行者に対して失礼なことがあると彼に警告する人もいました。 しかし、彼の休暇中、誰もがとても礼儀正しくしていました。 彼は素晴らしい時間を過ごし、来年はフランスに戻ってより古い建物を探索したいと考えています。

1. What is Rodney’s passion?
2. Where did Rodney stay in France?
3. How were the French people who Rodney encountered?
4. What is Rodney’s plan for next year?

1. ロドニーの情熱は何ですか?
2. ロドニーはフランスのどこに滞在しましたか?
3. ロドニーが出会ったフランス人はどうでしたか?
4. 来年のロドニーの計画は?

1. For a pizza this size, the price is very (reasonable ).
a. fertile b. reasonable c. annoying d. essential

2. Sam’s manager went home early because he had a (terrible )headache.
a. terrible b. thick c. annoying d. genuine

3. It isn’t ( complicated) to always ask your friends to pay for your food.
a. terrible b. reasonable c. magnificent d. complicated

4. It is (essenfial ) to submit this application on time.
a. pleasant b. critical c. annoying d. essenfial

5. The beach was beautiful, but the mosquitoes at night were very (annoying ).
a. rude b. huge c. annoying d. essential

1. このサイズのピザの場合、価格は非常に (合理的です)。
a.  肥沃な b. 合理的 c. うるさい d. 必要不可欠

2. サムのマネージャーは、(ひどい) 頭痛がしたため、早く帰宅しました。
a. ひどい B. 厚い c. うるさい d. 純正

3. 食べ物の代金をいつも友達に頼むのは (複雑ではありません)。
a. ひどい B. 合理的 c. 壮大なD. 複雑

4. この申請書を期日までに提出することが (必須) です。
a. 楽しい b. クリティカル c. うるさい d. 本質的な

5. ビーチはきれいでしたが、夜の蚊はとても (うっとうしい) でした。
a. 失礼な b. 巨大な c. うるさい d. 必要不可欠











英検2級 9 その他の重要名詞・動詞 2022-11-15

Robot Lover

Erica works for a company that invents and designs new technologies. She is a specialist in robots and loves to design and operate them. However, she lost control of her robot yesterday and injured herself!  Everyone was relieved that the injury wasn’t serious, but as a consequence she wants to alter the safety checks for robot operation. And despite her injury, she will continue to operate her beloved robots.

エリカは、新しいテクノロジーを発明および設計する会社で働いています。 彼女はロボットのスペシャリストであり、ロボットの設計と操作が大好きです。 しかし、彼女は昨日ロボットの制御を失い、怪我をしました! 怪我は大したものではなかったので一同は安堵しましたが、その結果、彼女はロボット操作の安全チェックを変更したいと考えています。 怪我をしながらも、愛するロボットを操作し続けます。

1. Who is Erica?
2. How did she get injured?
3. What will she do because of her injury?

1. エリカとは?
2. 彼女はどのように怪我をしたのですか?
3. 彼女は怪我のために何をしますか?

1. She  works for a company that invents and designs new technologies. She is a specialist in robots and loves to design and operate them.

2. When she lost control of her robot and injured herself.

3. She is going to alter the safety checks for robot operation.


1. There is a ( ) to park here which increases every hour.
a. money
b. charge
c. bill
d. receipt

1. ここに駐車する ( ) があり、1 時間ごとに増加します。 を。 お金 b. 充電 c. 明細書 d. レシート


2. The (pressure ) of the massage was just right for Emma.
a. pressure
b. press
c. relief
d. relieve

2. マッサージの (圧力) はエマにとってちょうどよかった. を。 プレッシャー b. 押す c. 安心 d. 緩和する

3. Although we don’t (achieve ) to win, let’s give it our best!
a. appear
b. achieve
c. elect
d. expect

3. 勝つことはできませんが、頑張りましょう! を。 現れる b. 成し遂げる c. 選出する d. 予想

4. Nowadays, you can get all kinds of (information ) for free from the

a. achievement

b. attraction

c. information

d. consumption

4. 最近では、インターネットからあらゆる種類の (情報) を無料で入手できます。 を。 アチーブメント b. アトラクション c. 情報 d. 消費

5. How much do you ( ) our trip will cost?
3. estimate
b. transport
c. compromise
d. consider

5. 私たちの旅行にかかる費用はいくらだと思いますか? 3.見積もり b. 輸送 c. 妥協 d. 検討

1. A: Can you come with us tomorrow to the concert?
8: I’m sorry, I can’t. I don’t have (permission ) from my parents.
a. permission
b. consumption
c. invention
d. concentration

1. A: 明日コンサートに一緒に来てくれませんか? B: すみません、できません。 私は両親から(許可)をもらっていません。 を。 許可 b. 消費 c. 発明 d. 集中

2. A: Bob wants to play tennis, I want to play basketball, and you want to play soccer, so what are we going to do?!
B Well, I think we’re just going to have to reach a (compromise ).
a. benefit
b. cooperation
c. compromise
d. expectation

2. A: ボブはテニスをしたい、私はバスケットボールをしたい、そしてあなたはサッカーをしたい、それで私たちは何をするつもりですか?! Bまあ、私たちは(妥協)に到達する必要があると思います。 を。 利益 b. 協力 c. 妥協 d. 期待

3. A: I’m so sorry I’m late! The train was ( delayed) due to the strong wind.
8: No problem. We still have plenty of time to check the sales
a. aimed
b. estimated
c. extended
d. delayed

3. A: 遅くなってすみません! 強風のため電車が(遅れた)。 8: 問題ありません。 販売状況を確認する時間はまだ十分あります アウト。 を。 目指した b. 推定 c. 拡張 d. 遅延

4. A: Are you playing tennis tomorrow?
B: Unfortunately not. Due to the weather forecast, the matchhas been ( postponed).
a. reduced
b. postponed
c. estimated
d. late

4. A: 明日はテニスをしますか。 B: 残念ながら違います。 天気予報のため、試合は(延期)されました。 を。 減少 b. 遅らせた c. 推定 d. 遅い

5. A: Why do you always go to the library?
B: Because that’s the best place for me to (concentrate ) on my studies.
a. estimate
b. concentrate
c. aim
d. achieve

5. A: いつも図書館に行くのはなぜですか? B: それは私が勉強に (集中する) のに最適な場所だからです. を。 見積もり b. 集中 c. 標的 d. 成し遂げる


1. Have you experienced a long delay before?

Yes, I have. When I flew to New York, because the wheather was too bad to land. so the plane had to land Washington DC.
2. What would you like to design?


My aim for next year is to take an examination for 2nd grade of EIken which is formal certificatin to prove one's English ability.

3. 今年(来年)の目標は何ですか?









英検2級 4 動詞② 2022-11-15

Secretary: Good morning, H&S Corporation. How may I help

Mr. Smith: Good morning. I’d like to make an appointment to see
Mrs. Butler, please.

Secretary: Certainly. Let me check her schedule. She may have
time tomorrow, but I haven't had confirmation of a
meeting yet. How about the day after tomorrow?

Mr. Smith: Hmmm, tomorrow would be better. Could I leave a
message with you, then would you have her call me

Secretary: Certainly. What would you like me to tell her?

秘書: おはようございます、H&Sコーポレーション。 どのように私はあなたを助けることができますか?

スミス氏: おはようございます。 バトラー夫人に会う約束をしたいのですが。

秘書:たしかに。 彼女のスケジュールを確認させてください。 彼女は明日時間があるかもしれませんが、私はまだ会議の確認をしていません. 明後日はどうですか?

スミスさん: うーん、明日の方がいいですね。 メッセージを残していただけますか? じゃあ彼女に折り返し電話してもらえますか?

秘書:たしかに。 彼女に何を伝えたいですか?

1. Where does Mrs. Butler work?
2. Is Mrs. Butler available tomorrow?
3. What will the secretary do?

1. バトラー夫人はどこで働いていますか?
2. バトラー夫人は明日来られますか?
3. 秘書は何をしますか?

appointment schedule back
let help confirmation

Secretary: Good morning, White Lodge Dental Clinic. Howmay l ( help) you?

Mr. Smith: Good morning. I’d like to make an ( appointment) to see Dr. Brown, please.

Secretary: Certainly. (let ) me check his (schedule ) . He may have time tomorrow, but I haven’t had (confirmation ) of an appointment yet. How about the dayafter tomorrow?

Mr. Smith: Hmmm, tomorrow would be better. Could you call me (back ) later to confirm?
Secretary: Certainly. I’ll call you later today.


1. What did your parents make you do when you were younger?

when i was young they made me to obey strictly at the same time gave me a lot of affection.

2. What did your teachers make you do when you were younger?

They made me to be a good boy, but i was a naughty.

3. What did your siblings or friends make you do when you were younger?

My siblings made me to play together. but we used to fight over our favorite toys.

4. What did your grandparents make you do when you were young?
Our grandfather gave us a modest allowance. Instead, I was made to do a lot of chores.





1. 若い頃、両親はあなたに何をさせましたか?
2. 若い頃、先生はあなたに何をさせましたか?
3. 若い頃、兄弟や友達に何をさせられましたか?
4. 若い頃、祖父母はあなたに何をさせましたか?




Would you have her call me back?

Can you tell her to call me back?

Could you tell her to call me back?

Could and Would

Could you tell her to call me back, please?

1. Mrs. Butler works at H&S Corporation.

2. Yes, she is but she will have a confirmation and the secretary said the day after tomorrow would be better.

3. The secretary will call back the client.

The secretary will confirm Mrs. Butler's schedule.


1. Do you let all your friends borrow your things, for example, your books, computer or cell phone?

2. What do your parents not let you do? / What did your parents not let you do when you were young?

3. What do your teachers not let you do? / What did your teachers not let you do when you were young?


1. 本、パソコン、携帯電話など、すべての友達にあなたの物を借りさせますか?
2. あなたの両親があなたにさせないことは何ですか? / 幼い頃、両親にさせられなかったことは何ですか?
3. 先生にさせられないことは何ですか? / 若い頃、先生にさせられなかったことは何ですか?




1. My parents made me a good boy strictly when I was younger but at the same time, they gave me a lot of attention.

2. My teachers made me be an honest student but I used to be a naughty boy when I was younger.

3. My siblings or friends made me play with them together but we often fight about our favorite toys when I was younger.

4. My grandfather made me obey chores and gave us allowances when I was young.